Scientific Name: Shorea spp. (Family: Dipterocarpacaeae)

General Description :There are about 13 species of Shorea classified under Balau in Malaysia. This timber is one of the most commonly used heavy hardwoods in Malaysia. The trees are medium-sized to very large and grow up to 75m tall.

Timber Description: 

– Density = 850 – 1,155kg cubic meter

– Heartwood = yellow-brown, brown or red, darkening to darker brown, purple-brown or dark red-brown

– Sapwood  = fairly distinct, lighter in colour

Spot Characters

– Timber is very heavy

– Vessels fine and numerous

– vertical canals in long tangential series, filled with white resen

– tyloses abundant

– end cut with metallic cluster

– parenchyma aliform


The timber is suitable for all forms of heavy construction, bridges, sleepers, power-line poles, boat building, door and window frames, joists, beams, rafters, heavy duty flooring, parquet flooring, heavy duty furniture, power-line poles